CPUのMIPS値の歴史的推移に関するグラフ

CPUのMIPS値の歴史的推移1971-1998
[出典]Makimoto,T., Eguchi,K., Yoneyama, M. (2001) “The Cooler the Better: New Directions in the Nomadic Age,” Computer, April 2001,p.40

Intel 4004(1971)からPentium II(1997)に至るCISCプロセッサーのMIPS値の歴史的向上とRISCプロセッサーのMIPS値の歴史的向上の比較
RISCプロセッサーの系列には、1980年代前半のSparcに始まるRISCプロセッサーと、単位消費電力当たりのCPU性能を重視した新世代のRISCプロセッサーとの2つがある。

半導体技術関連資料


Schaller, Robert R. (2004) Technological Innovation in the Semiconductor Industry:A Case Study of the international Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors(ITRS),
A Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of
George Mason University
http://corphist.computerhistory.org/corphist/documents/doc-487ecec0af0da.pdf

PC産業関連資料

PC産業関連(MIT修士論文)
Farner, Gary Noble (1982) A competitive Analysis of the personal computer industry, S.M. thesis (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Alfred P. Sloan School of Management), May 1982.
http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/49568/10338177.pdf

Schreiber, Deborah F. (1983) The strategic evolution of the personal computer industry,  S.M. thesis (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Alfred P. Sloan School of Management), May 1983.
http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/49888/11215844.pdf

Cohen, Jeremy Michael(1988) Rapid change in the personal computer market : a quality-adjusted Hedonic Price Index 1976-1987,S.M. thesis (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Alfred P. Sloan School of Management), May 1988.
http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/37699/19034803.pdf

Kai,Hidetaka(1992) Competitive Strategy Under Standardization in the Personal Computer Industry and Its Influence on New Entrants, unpublished S.M. thesis (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Alfred P. Sloan School of Management), May 1992.
http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/12794/27229594.pdf

PC産業関連(論文)
Toong, Hoo-min D., Gupta, Amar (1982) “Personal computers”,Scientific American, Dec. 1982, vol. 247, no.6: p. 86-107.
http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/48857/personalcomputer00toon.pdf

Einstein,Marcus E. AND Janes C. Franklin “Computer manufacturing enters a new era of growth,” Monthly Labor Review, September 1986
http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1986/09/art2full.pdf
同論文のp.10のTable 1 “Domestic consumption of micro, mini, and mainframe computers,’ 1960-84″が役立つ

Bresnahan, Timothy F.; Stern, Scott; Trajtenberg, Manuel(1996) “Market segmentation and the sources of rents from innovation : personal computers in the late 1980’s” Working paper (Sloan School of Management) ; 3927., WP (International Center for Research on the Management of Technology) ; 154-96.Cambridge, MA : International Center for Research on the Management of Technology, Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology,64pp.
http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/48511/marketsegmentati00bres.pdf

PC産業関連(単行本)
Augarten, Stan (1984) Bit by Bit: An Illustrated History of Computers , Ticknor & Fields.
Duetsch, Larry L.(2002) Industry studies, M E Sharpe Inc.,pp.322-323
Freiberger,Paul and Michael Swaine (1984) Fire in the Valley: The Making of the  Personal Computer, Osborne/McGraw-Hill.
Loebbecke,James K. and Miklos Vasarhely (1986)  Microcomputers , Irwin.

PC産業関連(論文)
34. T. Modis and A. Debecker, “Innovation in the Computer Industry,”  Technological  Forecasting and Social Change, Vol.33 (1988), pp.267-278.

Apple関連(単行本)
Owen W. Linzmayer (1998) Apple Confidential : The Real Story of Apple Computer, Inc.,p.99

PCの1977-1980の分野別の出荷台数、平均販売価格、市場規模の歴史的推移

PCの1977-1980の分野別出荷台数シェアおよび市場規模シェアの歴史的推移

PCの1977-1980の分野別出荷台数、平均販売価格、市場規模の推移
Historic Personal Computer Market

  1977 1978 1979 1980 累計
Business          
Number of Units(1,000)  17 27 60 200 304
Average Selling Price($1,000)  1.9 2.4 1.7 1.9 1.9
End User Value ($1,000) 32 64 103 375 574
Technical          
Number of Units 4 13 30 45 92
Average Selling
Price 
4 3.8 3.3 2.7 3.1
End User Value 16 49 100 120 285
Education          
Number of Units 2 15 30 55 102
Average  Selling Price 1.5 1 uo  1.1 1.1
End User Value Hobby 3 16 30 60 109
Hobby          
Number of Units 30 100 130 148 408
Average Selling Price  1 1 1.1 0.9 1
Ead User Value 30 100 140 137 407
Home Application          
Number of Units 4 20 34 52 110
Average Selling
Price 
1 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7
End User Value 4 16 21 38 79
Total          
Number of Units 57 175 284 500 1,016
Average Selling Price 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4
End User Value 85 245 394 730 1,454
Discounts 18 45 75 175 313
Factory Revenues 68 200 319 575 1,141
End User Value by Region          
United States 72 190 263 405 935
Canada 4 15 24 35 78
Western Europe 8 30 70 190 298
Japan 1 7 25 75 108
Rest of World 0 3 12 25 40
  85 245 394 730 1,454

[引用元]Farner, Gary Noble (1982) A competitive Analysis of the personal computer industry,unpublished S.M. thesis (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Alfred P. Sloan School of Management), May 1982., p.155のAppendix B
http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/49568/10338177.pdf
[原出典]Dataquest

上記の表では、引用元の間違いと思われる数値を下記のように修正している。
1977年のBusiness部門のAverage Selling Priceの値4.6は、台数と市場規模の値から考えて1.9の間違いと思われる。
台数(Number of Units)の累計のTotalの値1,041は、各年の台数の累計および各部門の台数の累計の値から考えて1,016の間違いと思われる。

PCの販売台数シェアおよび総販売台数の推移 1976-1982

PCの販売台数シェアおよび総販売台数の推移 1976-1982
1982年分は見積もり値

Company 1976 1978 1980 1982
MITS 25%      
IMSAI 17%      
ProcessorTechnology 8%      
RadioShack   50% 26% 18%
Commodore   12% 20% 16%
Apple   10% 19% 23%
IBM       14%
NEC       7%
Osborne       7%
Other 50% 28% 35% 15%
Total 100% 100% 100% 100%
Total Units 15,000 200,000 500,000 1,500,000

[原出典]
1976年 McGlynn,Daniel (1979) Personal Computing,Wiley Pub.,  p.29.
1978年 McGlynn,Daniel (1979) Personal Computing,Wiley Pub., p.30.
1980年 Dataquest
1982年 様々な情報源に基づく著者の見積もり 

[引用元]
Farner, Gary Noble (1982) A competitive Analysis of the personal computer industry, unpublished S.M. thesis (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Alfred P. Sloan School of Management), May 1982., p.18のTable 3.1 PC Industry Unit Sales and Concentration

[関連参考データ]米国の主要PCメーカーの1979年および1982年の世界売上高(単位 100万ドル)

会社名 1979年 1982年
Apple 75 664
IBM  –  500
Tandy {Radio Shack) 150 466
Commodore 55 368
Hewlett-Packard NA 235
Texas Instruments  –  233
Digital Equipment Corp.(DEC)  –  200

[引用元]
International competitiveness in electronics, University of Michigan Library,p.149のTable 38.-Major U.S. Manufacturers Ranked by 1982 Worldwide Microcomputer Sales
[原出典]
1979年 ”The Datamation 100,” Datamation, June 1980, p 87
1932年 Archbold,P. (1983) “The Datamation 100 Welcome to the Club,” Datamation, June 1983, p.87

MOS TechnologyのCPU6502の初期の価格は$25で、8080,6800の$179の約1/7

6502が販売開始された当時のIntelの8080およびMotorolaの6800の販売価格は$179であった。こうした競合CPU製品に対して6502の販売価格は約1/7の$25であった。
 IntelおよびMotorolaは対抗のために価格を$79に下げた。

[出典]Ekman, S. (2008) “The 6502 Architecture” Case study TDTS10, Computer Architecture, Linköpings Tekniska Högskola
http://ftp.ida.liu.se/~TDTS10/info/casestudy/example_reports/1.pdf